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LESAOANA CALEB MAKANDA: Tribute to a freedom fighter and diplomat

By MOTSOKO PHEKO

ARTICLE SUMMARY: Bishop Makanda was a remarkable person. He always pursued whatever he did with tenacity of purpose and pertinacity of will. He was involved in the Sharpeville Uprising led by the Pan Africanist Congress under the leadership of Mangaliso Robert Sobukwe.

AUTHOR BIOGRAPHY: Dr. Motsoko Pheko is a historian, political scientist, lawyer and theologian. He is author of books such as Towards Africa’s Authentic Liberation, African Renaissance Saved Christianity and Rediscovering Africa and Her Spirituality. He is a former Member of the South African Parliament and former Representative of the victims of apartheid and colonialism at the United Nations in New York and at the UN Commission on Human Rights in Geneva.

The measure of a man is not how he died, but how he lived his life. Not what he gained, but what he gave. The greatest thing in life is to live for a purpose.

The warrior that died on 17, January 2014 is Bishop Lesaoana Caleb Makanda. He was a freedom fighter for South Africa and Africa, since he was a Pan Africanist. He was also Diplomat.

I knew this African patriot during my days at the United Nations in New York where I was an accredited representative of the victim of apartheid colonialism in South Africa (Azania). I found him energetic, hard-working person and a dedicated fighter to the liberation of African people and mankind. He was a reliable person, a man of integrity with a high sense of duty. I became acquainted with his spiritual life after he retired from his posting as Ambassador to five countries in West Africa where he was appointed by the late President Nelson Mandela.

Bishop Makanda was a remarkable person. He always pursued whatever he did with tenacity of purpose and pertinacity of will. This was demonstrated in his early life. He was involved in the Sharpeville Uprising led by the Pan Africanist Congress under the leadership of Mangaliso Robert Sobukwe. He was the youngest prisoner for the Sharpeville Uprising, along with his friends like Dr.Thami Mazwai and Dr.Joe Tlholoe.

When Makanda was released from jail, he left the country for military training to fight against apartheid colonialism. The Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (PAC) assigned him to various posts, including the United Nations. He served with distinction in all of them. It looks like everything he touched was bound to succeed, yet he remained a very humble man. Even after he served as a distinguished Ambassador with titles such as “Your Excellency” and “His Excellency,” he remained a humble servant of the people. To him leadership was to be a servant of the people, not a master.

I think it is important to point out that this Bishop Lesaoana Caleb Makanda has come a long way of a regiment of warriors. It is not an accident that he served the liberation of our people with remarkable dedication, which no one could question. The man known as “Makana the left-handed” is his ancestor. Makana (real name Makhanda) was an African warrior and a prophet. He led the 1819 war of national resistance against British colonialism in South Africa. He stormed the British garrison of Grahamstown (eRHINI isexeko seNgwele) on 25, December 1819. Historians say Makana “the left-handed” maintained a strong interest in Christian faith, combining it with elements of African beliefs.

He was a commander as well as a military advisor to King Ndlambe. He was arrested by the British colonial government after the war he led and imprisoned in Robben Island in 1820. He died in 1821 by drowning when he tried to escape from the Island to lead the liberation struggle of his people. Makana was recognized as national hero in this country in January 2013. Bishop Makanda was there to witness the honour bestowed on his ancestor after 194 years since he departed from this planet.

Bishop Makanda, like his ancestor,had a Pan-Africanist vision. His death should not be considered as “a blow” to this vision. You can kill a visionary, but you cannot kill his or her vision. You can burn grass, but you cannot burn its roots. You can kill thinkers, but you cannot kill their ideas. We should not be intimidated. We must not fail Bishop Makanda’s vision. It is good for our nation. It is good for Africa. It is good for mankind. It must triumph no matter how dark it may be and whatever the challenges. The greatest honour we can confer on Bishop Makanda is the realization of his vision. He was a great lover of knowledge. He wanted every African to have knowledge because knowledge is power and liberates a nation.

Every adversity, every heart ache carries the seed of a greater benefit. I suppose that is the reason that great English writer, William Shakespeare, said, “Sweet are the uses of adversity which like the toad, ugly and venomous,  wears yet a precious jewel in its head.”

Those evil men who murdered Bishop Lesaoana Caleb Makanda have won a cowardly perfidious battle. We must win the war. There is nothing invincible like a vision called “utopia” today, and flesh and blood tomorrow. There is no crisis that was never a blessing in disguise if harnessed. Life’s greatest achievements are those that look impossible.

 

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